Category Archives: Previous Articles

All About Nosema – pg4

with 80% acetic acid which kills both nosema spores and EFB bacteria and no doubt some of the fungal pathogens too. Stack supers, sealed as tightly as possible, with an acetic acid pad (22–30 cm2 with 150 ml of acid per super box) over every two supers and leave for a week to 10 days. […]

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All About Nosema – pg3

several forms but is most familiar as a round cyst. It passes round the colony in the same way as nosema. Not much is known about amoeba, but it is rare, has no outward symptoms and probably has little effect so, in practice, can currently be ignored. An affected colony can be transferred onto clean […]

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All About Nosema – pg2

to the hypopharyngeal (brood food) glands of infected nurse bees (presumably as result of poor protein uptake in the gut) accelerates behavioural development in the bees leading to premature ageing (I know how they feel!) which can shorten a bee’s lifespan by 50% or more. The ventriculus (or mid-gut), which is normally brown, can become […]

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All About Nosema

An in-depth account of this unpleasant disease   Pam Gregory, MSc, NDB Nosema is a disease that affects adult honey bees. It substantially reduces a bees’ life span by infecting the mid-gut and preventing proper food digestion. There are two forms of the pathogen; Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. They are both highly specialised, single-celled […]

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The Beginner Beekeeper – pg2

beekeeping knowledge that the beginner has accumulated, at the level of manipulating the colony it is important that the beginner, and all beekeepers for that matter, should keep it simple. Only properly evaluated practices should be used and this usually means practices that have stood up to the rigours of a proper review process. It […]

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The Beginner Beekeeper

John McMullan Thoughts on the perennial problem of how to nurture beginners and encourage them to continue with their bees CURRENTLY THERE is a huge interest in beekeeping throughout Europe. Many beekeeping groups and associations are working to meet this demand. However, much of this work will be in vain if the European experience mirrors […]

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September Scene – pg3

swears by the maggots. You could always go into bait production instead of honey! Uniting Colonies At this time of the year we are continuing to make the preparations for our colonies to overwinter. Last month we considered combining weak colonies and this involves moving them so that they are next to each other – […]

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September Scene – pg2

keeps its cells clean and reduces the build-up of disease organisms as well as avoiding excessive pupal skins. When an adult bee emerges from the cell, it leaves behind its pupal sac which is not removed by house bees. They clean out the inside ready for a new egg but after several rounds of brood, […]

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September Scene

Bridget Beattie, PhD, NDB Guidance for beginners: bees are still foraging and combs must be protected from wax moths SEPTEMBER CAN be a golden month in so many ways. Autumn is here and that wonderful poem of John Keats comes to mind. Most of us remember the first line of Ode to Autumn: ‘Season of mists […]

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Bees, Beekeeping and Honey Queens in Rhode Island – pg3

The final talk I attended was presented by Maryann and Jim Frazier, both professors at Penn State University on ‘Honey Bees and Pesticides’. This is a topic I’ve heard Maryann speak about at previous EAS conferences. As the title suggests, she works with other members of the university departments on the impacts of pesticides and miticides […]

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